Early Childhood Inventory - Parent Checklist
The Early Childhood Inventories-4 (ECI-4) are parent- and teacher-completed rating scales that allow for the screening of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) and other emotional and behavioral disorders described in the American Psychiatric Association's (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Items are worded to be appropriate for children between 3 and 6 years old. The parent and teacher versions of the ECI-4 are highly similar and take between 10 and 15 minutes to complete. Scoring is completed using Score Sheets that provide directions, criterion scores, and rule-out diagnoses. Information below pertains to the parent inventory.
Number of Versions: 2 Version: Parent Inventory Author(s): Kenneth D. Gadow, Ph.D., & Joyce Sprafkin, Ph.D. Date of Publication: 1996 Material(s) Needed for Test: Instrument Manual: Available Time to Administer: 10-15 minutes Charge for one form or kit: Yes
Purpose and Nature of Test
DSM-IV Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, Aggression, Hyperactivity, Conduct Problems Population for which designed:
Age Range: 3 through 6 years old Method of Administration: Individual Source of Information: Parent Subtests and Scores:
ADHD Inattentive Type, ADHD Hyperactive-Impulsive Type, ADHD Combined Type, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder, Peer Conflict Scale, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Dysthymic Disorder, Autism, Aspergers, Separation Anxiety Disorder, and other Disorders Number of Items: 108 Type of Scale: Likert
Sample Size: 531 Population: Parents of children attending daycare, prechool, and Head Start programs. Culture/ethnicity: Caucasian (76%), African-American (15%), Hispanic-American (8%), and Other (1%) SES Level: Lower (38%), Middle (38%), and Upper (24%)
Psychometric information: Provided for Subscales. The range of Test-Retest Value: 0.35 to 0.85 The range of Inter-rater reliability: Not assessed The range of Internal consistency: 0.59 to 0.93
Validity:Criterion validity was assessed and found to be acceptable.
Scoring Procedure: Manual and Computer Scoring Examiner Qualifications and Training Required: None Permission Required to Use Instrument: Yes If yes, by whom: Checkmate Plus, Ltd.
Original Reference(s): Gadow & Sprafkin. (1997). Early Childhood Inventory: Norms Manual. Stony Brook, NY: Checkmate Plus.
Gadow & Sprafkin (2000). Early Childhood Inventory - 4: Screening Manual. Stony Brook, NY: Checkmate Plus.
Other Reference(s): Gadow, Sprafkin, & Nolan. (2001). DSM-IV Symptoms in Community and Clinic Preschool Children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(12), 1383-1392.
Sprafkin, Volpe, Gadow, Nolan & Kelly. (2001). A DSM-IV-Referenced Screening Instrument for Preschool Children: The Early Childhood Inventory-4. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (In Press).
Gadow & Nolan. (2002). Differences between preschool children with ODD, ADHD, and ODD+ADHD symptoms. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43(2), 191-201.
Gadow, K.D. & Sprafkin, J. (2001). The Symptom Inventories: An annotated bibliography. Stony Brook, NY: Checkmate Plus.
Organization: Checkmate Plus, LTD Address: P.O. Box 696, Department D City: Stony Brook State: NY Zip: 11790-0696 Phone: (800) 779-4292 Fax: (631) 360-3432 E-mail: email@example.com Website: http://www.checkmateplus.com Other: Kenneth Gadow - Professor, State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY; Psychiatry - Putnam Hall
Last updated by Violence Institute of New Jersey: February 2007