The Jesness Inventory (JI) is a brief (155-item) true-false questionnaire with easy-to-understand items yielding 10 trait scores, an index of asocial tendencies, and nine personality subtype scales. Originally designed to assess youth between the ages of 8 and 19, the JI has been found to be useful with adults as well.
Number of Versions: 1 Version: Jesness Inventory Author(s): Carl F. Jesness Date of Publication: Copyright 1962, Revised 1996 Material(s) Needed for Test: Instrument Manual: Available Time to Administer: 25 minutes Charge for one form or kit: Yes
Purpose and Nature of Test
Conduct problems, Anti-social Population for which designed:
Age Range: 8 and older Method of Administration: Group and Individual Source of Information: Self Subtests and Scores:
Social Maladjustment, Value Orientation, Immaturity, Autism, Alienation, Manifest Aggression, Withdrawal-Depression, Social Anxiety, Repression, Denial, Asocial Index Number of Items: 155 Type of Scale: Forced choice
Sample Size: 3,306 Population: 2,045 Juvenile delinquents came from two reception centers of the California Youth Authority and 1,261 nondelinquents were obtained during 1961/1962 in 10 public schools in Northern California. Culture/ethnicity: African-American, Caucasian, Hispanic/Latino SES Level: Low to Low Middle
Psychometric information: Provided for Subscales. The range of Test-Retest Value: 0.40 to 0.79 The range of Inter-rater reliability: Not assessed The range of Internal consistency: 0.43 to 0.88
Validity:Criterion validity was assessed and found to be acceptable.
Scoring Procedure: Manual and Computer Scoring Examiner Qualifications and Training Required: Masters Degree Permission Required to Use Instrument: Yes If yes, by whom: Interested customers must contact Multi-Health Systems and once deemed qualified, can purchase test materials.
Original Reference(s): Jesness, C. F. (1996). The Jesness Inventory: Manual. North Tonawanda, NY. Other Reference(s): Jesness, C. F. (1988). The Jesness Inventory Classification System. Criminal Justice & Behavior, 15 (1), 78-91.
Woodbury, R., & Shurling, J. (1975). Factorial dimensions of the Jesness Inventory with Black delinquents. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 35 (4), 979-981.
Martin, R. D., & Fischer, D. G. (1983). Norming cautions for use of the Jesness Inventory with female delinquents. Psychological Reports, 53 (3, Pt. 2), 1109-1110.
Jesness, C. F., & Wedge, R. F. (1984). Validity of a revised Jesness Inventory I-Level Classification with delinquents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 52 (6), 997-1010.
Jesness, C. F. (1986). Validity of Jesness Inventory classification with nondelinquents. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 46 (4), 947-961.
Jesness, C. F. (1988). The Jesness Inventory classification system. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 15 (1), 78-91.
Pinsoneault, T. B. (1997). A combined rationally-empirically developed Variable Response Scale for detecting the random response set in the Jesness Inventory. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 53 (5), 471-484.
Pinsoneault, T. B. (1998). A variable response inconsistency scale and a true response inconsistency scale for the Jesness Inventory. Psychological Assessment, 10 (1), 21-32.
Pinsoneault, T. B. (1999). Efficacy of the three randomness validity scales for the Jesness Inventory. Journal of Personality Assessment, 73 (3), 395-406.
Other: Spanish and French-Canadian versions are available.
A revision of the scale based on new norms will be released in 2003.
Reviewed in the Buros Institute, Mental Measurements Yearbook. http://www.unl.edu/buros/
Organization: Multi-Health Systems, Inc. Address: P.O. Box 950 City: North Tonawanda State: NY Zip: 14120-0950 Phone: (800) 456-3003 Fax: (888) 540-4484 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.mhs.com
Last updated by Violence Institute of New Jersey: February 2007