Normative Beliefs about Aggression Scale
The Normative Beliefs about Aggression Scale measures a child's, adolescent's, or young adult's perception of acceptable aggressive behavior both under a variety of conditions of provocation and when no conditions are specified.
Number of Versions: 1 Version: Normative Beliefs about Aggression Scale Author(s): L. Rowell Huesmann, Nancy G. Guerra, L. Miller, & A. Zelli Date of Publication: 1989 Material(s) Needed for Test: Instrument Manual: Available Charge for one form or kit: No
Purpose and Nature of Test
Beliefs about appropriateness of aggression. Population for which designed:
Age Range: 6 through 30 years old Method of Administration: Group and Individual Source of Information: Self Subtests and Scores:
General Approval of Aggression, Approval of Retaliation - Strong and Weak, Approval of Retaliation Against Males, Approval of Retaliation Against Females Number of Items: 20 Type of Scale: Likert
Sample Size: 1,550 Population: One midsized midwestern city and one large midwestern city located approximately 40 miles from each other. Culture/ethnicity: African-American, Caucasian, Hispanic/Latino SES Level: Low to Low Middle
Psychometric information: Provided for Subscales. The range of Test-Retest Value: 0.06 to 0.44 The range of Inter-rater reliability: Not assessed The range of Internal consistency: 0.65 to 0.85
Validity:Criterion validity data has not been presented or published in study.
Scoring Procedure: Manual Scoring Examiner Qualifications and Training Required: None Permission Required to Use Instrument: Yes If yes, by whom: R. Rowell Huesmann
Original Reference(s): Huesmann, L. R., Guerra, N. G., Miller, L., & Zelli, A. (1992). The role of social norms in the development of aggression. In H. Zumkley & A. Fraczek (Eds.), Socialization and aggression (pp. 139-151). New York: Springer.
Huesmann, L. R., Guerra, N. G., Zelli, A., & Miller, L. (1992). Differing cognitions relating to TV viewing and aggression among boys and girls. In K. Bjorkqvist & P. Niemela (Eds.), Of Mice and Women. New York: Academic Press.
Other Reference(s): Guerra, N. G., Huesmann, L. R., Tolan, P., Van Acker, R., & Eron, L. D. (1995). Stressful events and individual beliefs as correlates of economic disadvantage and aggression among urban children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63 94), 518-528.
Huesmann, L. R., & Guerra, N. G. (1997). Children's normative beliefs about aggression and aggressive behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72 (2), 408-419.
Henry, D., Guerra, N., Huesmann, L. R., Tolan, P., Van Acker, R., & Eron, L. (2000). Normative influences on aggression in urban elementary school classrooms. American Journal of Community Psychology, 28 (1), 59-81.
Other: There are two forms of the scale, C and D, that differ only in the direction in which items are worded, i.e., "it is wrong" or "it is OK". A different one-half of the items are worded in each direction on each scale.
Name: L. Rowell Huesmann Organization: Research Center for Group Dynamics, Institute for Social Research Address: PO Box 1248 426 Thompson Street City: Ann Arbor State: MI Zip: 48106-1248 Phone: (734) 764-8385 Fax: (734) 763-1202 E-mail: email@example.com Website: http://www.isr.umich.edu/rcgd/
Last updated by Violence Institute of New Jersey: February 2007