Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales - Second Edition
The Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scale - 2nd Edition (PKBS-2) is a 76 item ratings scale designed to measure both problem behaviors and social skills of children ages 3-6. The PKBS-2 contains two major scales: social skills and social behavior. The social skills scale measures positive social skill characteristics of well adjusted children. The problem behavior scale measures problem behaviors with young children who are experiencing adjustment problems. This instrument can be used as a screening tool for identifying at risk children and can be used to develop appropriate interventions. The PKBS-2 is designed for completion by parents or teachers, but may also be completed by other individuals who know the child well enough to make an informed rating. A Spanish language form is available.
Number of Versions: 1 Version: Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales - Second Edition Author(s): Kenneth Merrell Date of Publication: 2003 Material(s) Needed for Test: Instrument Manual: Available Time to Administer: 8-12 minutes Charge for one form or kit: Yes
Purpose and Nature of Test
Social Skills, Problem Behaviors, Aggression, Hyperactivity, Anti-Social Population for which designed:
Age Range: 3 through 6 years old Grade Level: Preschool to First Grade Method of Administration: Individual Source of Information: Parent, Teacher Subtests and Scores:
Social Cooperation, Social Interaction, Social Independence, Self-Centered/Explosive, Attention Problems/Overactive, Antisocial/Aggressive, Social Withdrawal, Anxiety/Somatic Problems, Externalizing Problems, and Internalizing Problems Number of Items: 76 Type of Scale: Likert
Sample Size: 3,313 Population: Separate norms exist for the home-rater version and the school-rater version of the PKBS-2.
Samples include children from a broad array of data collection settings, including public school kindergartens and preschools, private preschools, Head Start programs, and pediatric clinics in 17 states representing each U.S. geographic region.
Culture/ethnicity: African-American, Asian-American, Caucasian, Hispanic/Latino, Native-American, Other SES Level: Not reported by author(s).
Psychometric information: Provided for Subscales. The range of Test-Retest Value: 0.62 to 0.87 The range of Inter-rater reliability: 0.36 to 0.63 The range of Internal consistency: 0.84 to 0.97
Validity:Criterion validity was assessed and found to be acceptable.
Scoring Procedure: Manual Scoring Examiner Qualifications and Training Required: None Permission Required to Use Instrument: Yes If yes, by whom: PRO-ED
Original Reference(s): Merrell, K. W. (2003). Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales - Second Edition. Austin, TX: PRO-ED. Other Reference(s): Merrell, K. W. (1996). Social-emotional assessment in early childhood: The Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales. Journal of Early Intervention, 20 (2), 132-145.
Jentzsch, C. E., & Merrell, K. W. (1996). An investigation of the construct validity of the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales. Diagnostique, 21 92), 1-15.
Merrell, K. W. (1996). Social-emotional problems in early childhood: New directions in conceptualization, assessment, and treatment. Education and treatment of children, 19 (4), 458-473.
Organization: PRO-ED Address: 8700 Shoal Creek Blvd City: Austin State: TX Zip: 78757-6869 Phone: (800) 897-3202 Fax: (800) 397-7633 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.proedinc.com/
Last updated by Violence Institute of New Jersey: February 2007