Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study
The Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study (P-FS) is a semi-projective technique that has been widely used to assess patterns of aggressive responding to everyday stress. When shown a picture, the client provides a reply for the anonymous frustration person depicted. The instrument contains 24 cartoon-like pictures, each depicting 2 people in a mildly frustrating situation that commonly occurs. Three versions of this instrument exist. Information below pertains to the child version.
Number of Versions: 3 Version: Child Version Author(s): Saul Rosenzweig Date of Publication: 1948 Material(s) Needed for Test: Instrument (Pictures) Manual: Available Time to Administer: 15-20 minutes Charge for one form or kit: Yes
Purpose and Nature of Test
Aggression Population for which designed:
Age Range: 4 through 13 years old Grade Level: Preschool to High School Freshman Method of Administration: Group and Individual Source of Information: Self Subtests and Scores:
Extraggression, Intraggression, Imagression, Obstacle-Dominance, Ego Defense, Need-Persistance, Group Conformity Rating, Extrapeditive, Intropeditive, Impeditive, Extrapunitive, Intropunitive, Impunitive, Extrapersistive, Intropersitive, Impersistive Number of Items: 24 Type of Scale: Open response
Sample Size: 500 Population: Children were enrolled in either private or public schools and were attending classes ranging from nursery school through ninth grade. Culture/ethnicity: Caucasian SES Level: Middle to Middle
Psychometric information: Provided for Subscales. The range of Test-Retest Value: 0.51 to 0.93 The range of Inter-rater reliability: 0.52 to 0.93 The range of Internal consistency: Not assessed
Validity:Criterion validity was assessed and found to be acceptable.
Scoring Procedure: Manual Scoring Examiner Qualifications and Training Required: Doctoral Degree Permission Required to Use Instrument: Yes If yes, by whom: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.
Original Reference(s): Rosenzweig, S., Fleming, E. E., & Rosenzweig, L. (1948). The children's form of the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study. Journal of Psychology, 26, 141-191. Other Reference(s): Graybill, D. (1993). A longitudinal study of changes in children's thought content in response to frustration on the Children's Picture-Frustration study. Journal of Personality Assessment, 61 (3), 531-535.
Graybill, D., & Huevelman, L. R. (1993). Validity of the Children's Picture-Frustration Study: A Social-Cognitive Perspective. Journal of Personality Assessment, 60 (2), 379-389.
Semeonoff, B. (1993). The Rosenzweig picture-frustration study and chromosomal abnormality. British Journal of Projective Psychology, 38 92), 37-44.
Graybill, D. (1993). A longitudinal study of changes in children's thought content in response to frustration on the children's picture-frustration study. Journal of Personality Assessment, 61 (3), 531-535.
Graybill, D., Peterson, S. P., & Williams, P. G. (1989). Variability of responses within the aggression categories on the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study, Children's Form. Journal of Personality Assessment, 53 (3), 472-477.
Graybill, D., Williams, P. G., & Peterson, S. P. (1988). Cross-validation of modal responses on the Children's Form of the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study. Psychological Reports, 62, 771-777.
Rosenzweig, S. (1988). Revised norms for the Children's Form of the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration (P-F) Study, with Updated P-F reference list. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 17 (4), 326-328.
Graybill, D. (1987). Developmental changes in the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study, Children's Form. Child Study Journal, 17 (2), 89-96.
Graybill, D. (1986). Test-retest reliability of the children's form of the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study . Psychological Reports, 58, 1001-1002.
Kundu, R., & Chaudhuri, J. R. (1984). Assessment of frustration reactions through the Rosenzweig Picture Frustration Study: A review. Samiksa, 38 (2), 47-62.
Rosenzweig, S. (1978). The Rosenzweig Picture Frustration (P-F) Study: Basic manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Rosenzweig, S., & Rosenzweig, L. (1976). Guide to research on the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration (P-F) study, 1934-1974.
Rosenzweig, S. (1976). Aggressive behavior and the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration (P-F) study. Journal of Clinical psychology, 32 (4), 885-891.
Other: Parallel versions of the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study, with separate scoring samples and norms, are available in France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Argentina, Brazil, India, and Japan.
Organization: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc Address: 16204 North Florida Avenue City: Lutz State: FL Zip: 33549 Phone: (800) 331-8378 Fax: (800) 727-9329 E-mail: email@example.com Website: http://www.parinc.com
Last updated by Violence Institute of New Jersey: February 2007