Things I Have Seen and Heard
Things I Have Seen and Heard is a 15-question structured interview that probes young children's exposure to violence and violence-related themes in an age-appropriate format. Each item describes a different form of violent theme.
Number of Versions: 1 Version: Things I Have Seen and Heard Author(s): John E. Richters & Pedro Martinez Date of Publication: 1990 Material(s) Needed for Test: Instrument Manual: Not Available Charge for one form or kit: No
Purpose and Nature of Test
Violence Population for which designed:
Age Range: 6 through 14 years old Grade Level: First Grade to High School Freshman Method of Administration: Individual Source of Information: Self Subtests and Scores: No scales Number of Items: 15 Type of Scale: Likert
Sample Size: 436 Population: Students in a public school system in a large city in the Southeastern United States. Culture/ethnicity: African-American SES Level: Low
Psychometric information: Provided for Full Scales. The range of Test-Retest Value: 0.81 The range of Inter-rater reliability: Not assessed The range of Internal consistency: 0.76 to 0.80
Validity:Criterion validity data has not been presented or published in study.
Scoring Procedure: Manual Scoring Examiner Qualifications and Training Required: None Permission Required to Use Instrument: Yes If yes, by whom: John E. Richters
Original Reference(s): Richters, J. E., & Martinez, P. (1993). The NIMH Community Violence Project: I. Children as victims of and witnesses to violence. Psychiatry: Intepersonal & Biological Processes, 56, 7-21. Other Reference(s): Farrell, A. D., & Bruce, S. E. (1997). Impact of exposure to community violence on violent behaviors and emotional distress among urban adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 26, 2-14.
White, K. S., Bruce, S. E., Farrell, A. D., & Kliewer, W. (1998). Impact of exposure to community violence on anxiety: A longitudinal study of family social support as a protective factor for urban children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 7 (2), 187-203.
Name: John E. Richters Organization: University of Maryland Address: Department of Human Development and Institute for Child Study, Benjamin Building, Room 4104 City: College Park State: MD Zip: 20742 Phone: (301) 309-2206 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Other: Child and Adolescent Disorders Research Branch, Division of Clinical Research, National Institute of Mental Health, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857
Last updated by Violence Institute of New Jersey: February 2007